Guidance--Glossary of Terms

Acceptable Use Policy--A standard document that allows a school district to outline: rights, responsibilities, and authority of its network.  It is a code of conduct governing the behavior of users while connected to the Network/Internet. AUPs often include an acceptable uses section, an unacceptable uses section, and a violations/sanctions section. Users must agree to this code to have access to the network.  AUPs must be signed by the users and their parents (if applicable).

Assistive technology--Any tool that helps a student with a disability complete an academic, social or functional task with increased independence.

BYOD--Bring Your Own Device--A technology model where students bring personally owned device(s) to school to be used for educational purposes under the direction of a teacher. Devices commonly included are smartphones, tablets, iPod touches, and any other electronic personal devices.

Document Camera--A document camera is a visual presentation device/ tool that captures the image of an object in real-time and displays it on a vertical surface or displaying device to a large audience or in a classroom. It is able to magnify, as well as project images of objects and transparencies.

Interactive Projectors--Interactive projectors combine the capability of a standard projector with the functionality of a traditional interactive whiteboard on which users can write, draw, and interact with content using a finger, pen, or stylus.

Internet Access -This is the circuit that connects the district network hub to the external network succh as the BOCES Regional Information Center (RIC) or Internet Service Provicer (Time Warner, Comcast, Verizon, etc.).

Internet Safety Policy--A document each district has adopted and will enforce to ensure the use of technology protection measures (such as filtering or blocking of access to certain material on the Internet) on all district computers with Internet access. Such technology protection measures apply to Internet access by both adults and minors with regard to visual depictions that are obscene, child pornography, or, with respect to the use of computers by minors, considered harmful to such students. An Internet Safety Policy is required by the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) for any school or library to receive federal funding for Internet access (E-Rate). .

Local Area Network (LAN) – Within Buildings -This is the bandwidth of the internal circuits from your school building wiring/network closet and the devices within that school building (may include campus environments).

Learning Management System (LMS)–A software application for the administration, documentation, tracking, reporting, and delivery online and blended learning courses.

Multi-function Printer-- A high-speed printer that combines printing, faxing, scanning, and copying.

Network Bandwidth--Network bandwidth is the primary measure of computer network speed. It refers to the data rate supported by a network connection or interface. Bandwidth represents the capacity of the connection. The greater the capacity, the greater the performance that would follow. It is commonly expressed in bits per second or multiples (Bit/s, Kilobit/s, Megabit/s, Gigabit/s, etc.).

Parent Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security--As part of the 2014 Common Core Implementation Reform Act, New York State now requires every “educational agency” operating in the state to develop a Parents’ Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security.   Each District must adopt this document to ensure student data privacy. Elements of the document include the following information:  that the student’s personally identifiable information (PII) cannot be sold or released for commercial purposes; that  parents have the right to inspect/review education records; the State and Federal laws along with industry standards/best practices that protect the confidentiality of PII; a list of student data elements collected by State available for public review;  and parents have the  right to review complaints regarding breaches. .

Parent Portal--A secure communication tool connecting parent, teachers, and students. A parent portal provides web-based access to attendance, homework, grades, schedules etc. It is a common feature on Student Management Systems (SMS) such as SchoolTool, eSchoolData, and PowerSchool. Teacher web pages are not defined as a parent portal.

Virtualized Machine (VM)--A virtualized machine (VM) is an operating system OS or application environment that is installed on software which imitates dedicated hardware. The end user has the same experience on a virtual machine as they would have on dedicated hardware.

Wide Area Network (WAN) -This is the bandwidth of the circuit that connects from each building within your district to your district network hub or district data center (non-campus environments).

Wireless Access Point--A device that allows wireless devices to connect to a wired network using Wi-Fi or related standards. A wireless access point connects to a router (via a wired network) as a standalone or managed device. It can also be an integral component of the router itself.

Wireless Controller--A device or application that directs or regulates traffic on the wireless network. A wireless controller is used to manage light-weight access points in large quantities by a network administrator or network operations center.

Wireless Protocols--A set of specifications for implementing wireless, local area, network computer communications. The 802.11 international wireless standard and its subsequent amendments (A, B, G, N, AC, AD, AF) are established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).